نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استادیار گروه حقوق دانشگاه علوم اسلامی رضوی
2 دانشجوی دکتری فقه و مبانی حقوق اسلامی دانشگاه علوم اسلامی رضوی
عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the main issues in the waqf contract is the subject of the founder’s conditions and how to implement them within the waqf contract. According to the principle of Party autonomy, the primary principle in waqf is that the founder (waqif) inserts every clause (which is not in opposition to waqf) within the waqf contract. One of clauses that are doubt about their validity and annulment (voidance) is the provision to pay off the debts and expenses of the founder of waqf from the profits of the Waqf Asset. In reality the question is this if it is possible a person establishes the waqf of properties and meanwhile stipulating within the waqf contract that the expenses and debts of him are paid off from the profits of the waqf asset. There are different opinions among the Islamic jurists and law scholars. Some of the Islamic jurists and law scholars believe that it is impossible for the founder of waqf to profit from his waqf and they say in this case both waqf contract and clause are void but some others believe that the waqf contract is valid but the clause is void. With applying the analytic-descriptive method and utilizing the library method, it is drawn conclusion from the paper that both waqf and clause is valid and there is no difference between waqf created for public and waqf created for special purpose and even it seems that the profits of founder from his waqf has no disagreement with the concept of habs (Arabic: حبس literally means to prevent, restrain) of the property and applying its profits to others which has been presented in Islamic texts and it can be said it is permissible (legal) by Islamic law. Because such provision is not in opposition to the nature of the contract and more over this act is in harmony with the soul of waqf and the holy Islamic law giver’s taste because constantly He emphasizes on the growth and facility (ease) of waqf. From the other side with accepting and validity of such provision, the founders with worry about their future life can establish the waqf of some of their properties and meanwhile not being worry about the expenses of their future life and their families and also their debts.