عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
The issue of divine intention endowment and its ownership have always been controversial among jurists, while most of the predecessors consider endowment as a kind of worship requiring intention. Many of the successors took it dedicated to the recommendation like there are variety of different opinions in determining the owner of what is endowed. On the other hand, most of the recent jurists consider endowment as an irrevocable contract and take the irrevocability a reason to exclude intention. While most of the former jurists didn’t mention the contract. This study, written in a descriptive - analytical method and library style, tries to specify and analyze opinions and reasons logically and briefly. From the viewpoint of this study, solving the issue depends on the precise lexicology of the word “Charity” in the traditions. No thing that “endowment” was expressed “charity” in most of the traditions and early Islamic centuries along with some evidence differentiating endowment from other charity instances, leads to realizing that endowment is a kind of necessary persuasion requiring intention which makes it irrevocable and the endowed property after endowment enters the credit ownership of God. This study also indicates how endowment changed from formers’ conditioned charity with intention to latters’ unconditioned contract with intention.