عنوان مقاله [English]
Validation of imposed terms is the examination of a new form of contract in which one party of the contract has superior or exclusive power to prepare the terms and conditions of the contract and the other party is forced to accept it without having the right to negotiate. The present study comparatively-analytically examines the nature, basis, validity of the conditions imposed in this type of contracts. The Egyptian legislature, in Article 149 of the Civil Code, stipulates in unfair terms and conditions: "... a judge may amend contracts that impose conditions or exempt a weak party from their implementation ..." . Some jurisprudential rules in Islamic jurisprudence and legal principles in Iranian law have such a capacity that they can be considered as reasons for supporting the weak side of the contract in such contracts. In addition, the Iranian legislature has shown its willingness to support the weak by ratification some legal provisions. Judges can also adjust the accepted jurisprudence and legal principles, if the imposed conditions are unfair، Therefore, in order to prevent the issuance of different opinions in this field, the provision of a legal article in Iranian civil law is inevitable.