نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دکتری الهیات دانشگاه یاسوج
2 دانشیار گروه الهیات دانشگاه فرهنگیان، تهران، ایران
3 دانشیار گروه الهیات دانشگاه یاسوج
عنوان مقاله [English]
Today, final products and consumer goods with high volume is an essential a problem; in addition to the variance of their raw materials (unprocessed material, or primary commodity) it is necessary to present prefect information to consumers with no knowledge. Currently, only some medicines have information about how to use, dosage, dosing schedule, efficacy, contraindications and side effects in relation to some patients that the implementation of this way is essential for all commodities (goods). Producers are required to label necessary information about their products, containing all ingredients, damages and side effects to people on their products, truly. But many producers with the intent of self-seekers avoid providing such information. From the other side, the lack of the appropriate responsibility has caused to increase products with no information or with imperfect information that will cause damages to consumers. The main question is what the basics of civil and criminal liability of producers are in the situation of not providing the information of goods and what liability follows the absences of not providing true information. This research with analytic-descriptive method is to study some jurisprudential maxims (Arabic: القواعد الفقهیة al-qawa'id al-fiqhiyyah) which can be the compiler of the efficient civil and criminal policy to punish producers for violating. Although the positive law in the country has mentioned to the regulations and performance bonds but it has not been accountable. Therefore, this paper is going to create a kind of responsibility for producers with the application of the fundamental jurisprudential maxims such as no harm (Arabic: لا ضرر la zarar), warning, the obligation to inform unconscious people of danger that they confront “وجوب إعلام الجاهل فیما یعطی” and risk that indicates the liability for the imperfect information and has resulted that the producers with attention to the type of goods should observe the available requirements of consumers in common and special consumers such as ill people, children and old people and with the knowledge of the circumstances of time and place should present appropriate information of goods; otherwise, producers will not be freed from civil and criminal liability.