نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشیار گروه حقوق خصوصی، دانشگاه علوم قضایی و خدمات اداری، تهران
2 کارشناس ارشد حقوق خصوصی، دانشگاه علوم قضایی و خدمات اداری، تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
To determining the relationship between logic and contract interpretation it could be paid attention to logic from two views: particular and general. The relationship between interpretation and logic science in a particular meaning could be briefly studied in three realms: argumentations causing interpretation, logical survey of literature and argumentations encompassing the logical interpretation on contract. In the stage of argumentations causing interpretation a particular attention should be paid to the role of both parties’ will of a contract in drawing the valid inference from premises that it will appear in the form of necessity of achieving one of the provisions for following conclusion of syllogism i.e. the repetition of middle term in both premises. The second stage in the developmental process of the relationship between logic and interpretation should be dedicated to the logical reviewing of the text of the agreement that it will be shaped with using the tools of the utterance discussions of the logic science and also reasoning principles governing in the logical epistemology. The last stage of this interpretative process relates to the argumentations surrounding the logical interpretation of the contract or arguments resulting “final decision” or “final judgment”. It has specific concern with the issues of the argument (hujjat) in the logic science i.e. analogical arguments. Also in common and conventional aspect of the logical interpretation, social norms and legal ideals such as ethics, justice and fairness as factors which determine the amount of nearness of the two logic and interpretation concepts of the logic and interpretation have been noted.
پلرمان، شیبم، استدلال حقوقی و منطق حقوقی، ترجمه حسن حبیبی، انتشارات اطلاعات، 1373 ش.