عنوان مقاله [English]
The necessity of the marriage contract and its importance has caused that its dissolution is confined to certain cases and its disruption is not possible for any reason or reason and is not subject to the will of the couple. Separation is one of the causes of dissolution of marriage and its cause is apostasy. One of the important issues in the dissolution of marriage due to the apostasy of one of the spouses is the status of the wife's dowry, the ruling of which has not been stated in the laws of Iran and various opinions have been raised in Shiite jurisprudence. The legislator's lack of clarity in expressing the verdict and the difference of opinion of the jurists according to different assumptions of the issue, the necessity of conducting research in response to the question of what is the duty of the wife's dowry in the case of apostasy of each couple in the Iranian legal system and Shiite jurisprudence? Required. The findings of the research show that due to the lack of expression of the subject matter in Iranian law, we should refer to the opinions of jurists. Examining the opinions of the jurists, it was found that according to the different aspects of the issue, several opinions have been raised, and in this article, an attempt has been made to examine the sayings and rules and to explain the ruling of the issue in different cases.