عنوان مقاله [English]
Undoubtedly, defining the type of cultivation and farming is not of the provisions of the validity of share-cropping (Arabic: المزارعة muzara'ah) contract and in the supposition of the literal and contextual unconditionally, the sharecropper (labor owner or tenant) can harvest every crop he desires but if the type of cultivation has determined the sharecropper has no right to harvest other crops. If the sharecropper has violated and harvested other crops, the question is what this violation will impact on share-cropping (Arabic: المزارعة muzara'ah) contract. Islamic jurists in reply to this problem have serious disagreement and the amount (number) of their opinions is more than 10 opinions. In the present paper which has used the descriptive-analytic method this outcome has been achieved in the supposition of the violation of sharecropper if it is not possible to oblige him to harvest the agreed cultivation the land lord has right to annul and therefore, the ruling of article 537 of the civil code which is the voidance of Share-cropping is not valid and should be reformed.
ابن ادریس حلّی، محمد بن منصور بن احمد، السرائر الحاوی لتحریر الفتاوی، چاپ دوم، قم، دفتر انتشارات اسلامی،1410 ق.